Desander Desilter

Desanders and desilters are equipment used in the drilling industry, specifically in the context of drilling mud systems. These systems are crucial in oil and gas drilling operations for various purposes, including maintaining wellbore stability, cooling and lubricating the drill bit, carrying cuttings to the surface, and preventing blowouts. A desander is a piece of equipment designed to remove sand and silt-sized particles from drilling fluids. It typically operates after the shale shaker and degasser in the drilling mud system. The desander uses centrifugal force to separate solid particles from the drilling mud. The mud enters the desander, and through centrifugal motion, the heavier particles are thrown to the outer wall and eventually discharged, while the cleaner mud is directed back into the mud system. A desilter is similar to a desander but is designed to remove finer solids, typically in the range of 15 to 74 microns. It operates downstream from the desander and is used to further refine the drilling mud by removing smaller particles. Like the desander, the desilter uses centrifugal force to separate the solids from the mud. It consists of hydrocyclones that generate a strong swirling motion, allowing the separation of finer particles. Both desanders and desilters play crucial roles in maintaining the properties of the drilling mud, ensuring its effectiveness in the drilling process. Efficient removal of solid particles is essential for the drilling equipment’s longevity, preventing damage and optimizing drilling performance. These components are part of a broader system that includes other equipment like shale shakers, mud pumps, and mud agitators, all working together to maintain the drilling mud’s quality throughout the drilling process. With the use of gravitational and centrifugal forces, it creates the effect where heavier content exits through the bottom and lighter content to the top. With these two equipment attached to a shale shaker makes up a mud cleaner system. As being the second stage process for the mud cycles, it is really important how you set up your system and manage it. You can run your product more than one time through these machines, and that makes it easier for the operation and the product that you are looking for.